Post by Russet Bulba Post by email@example.com Post by Russet Bulba Post by firstname.lastname@example.org Post by Russet Bulba
Dlatego iz w moim kregu te wszystkie Azjatyckie nacje sa obecne. A mysle, ze nawet Koreanczycy sa bardziej zestresowani w Japonii niz w USA, skoro rodowici Japonczycy a nie tylko japanizerzy wygladaja na takich. Przynajmniej w dzien powszedni.
USA 55% (yes) 45% (no)
South Korea 34% (yes) 65% (no)
Japan 30% (yes) 60% (no) 1% (don't know/refused)
What's spreading faster than coronavirus in the US? Racist assaults and ignorant attacks against Asians
Po raz kolejny wychodzi, że p. Bulba w jakimś utopijnym bąblu żyje.
Skad to karoshi sie wzielo, panie japa?
Z gospodarczego bąbla, mniemam, podobnie jak mit o tym, że Japonia jest w czołówce krajów z samobójstwami.
Suicides per 100,000 people
Post by Russet Bulba
Na codzien stress i konstypacja sa w Japonii czyms zwyczajnym. A coronavirus jest czyms wyjatkowym. Przyszla z Wuhan, z Chin, jak i wiele pandemii i Azjaci czuja sie w wielu miejscach nieswojo.
"Azjaci czuja sie w wielu miejscach nieswojo" - bardzo zgrabny eufemizm na "ataki na Azjatów w USA", p. Bulba.
Mozna pogrzebac nieco wiecej w temacie. Stres to nie tylko samobojstwa.
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Misery of Japanese workplaces shows few signs of lifting
Deaths from overwork reflect pernicious long-hours culture
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Leo Lewis November 21 2019
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Curbing death by overwork in Japan
By noon on October 12, Japan was preparing for the arrival of Hagibis,
the most powerful typhoon to hit the country in decades. Public
transport had been halted and commercial flights grounded, while
evacuation orders blared from mobile phones as the risk of floods,
landslides and deadly winds mounted.
As the danger grew, social media catalogued the complaints of workers
who had been forced by their employers to brave nature’s fury and turn
up for work. Many of the businesses identified — coffee shops, estate
agents, sushi restaurants — were not essential services.
But the testimonies rang true. Two weeks earlier, the government had
published a white paper on Japan’s overwork crisis that suggested
progress on eliminating one of the country’s most notorious workplace
problems was slow.
The typhoon-driven sense of outrage, say labour groups, attests to a
deeper misery afflicting Japanese workplaces — a web of spoken and
unspoken expectations that support a culture of long hours and poor
sleep. Japanese workers, according to the OECD, sleep less than any of
their counterparts among advanced economies, at an average of 442
minutes per 24 hours, compared with 528 minutes in the US.
TOPSHOT - Pedestrians cross a street in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka prefecture
on October 12, 2019, ahead of Typhoon Hagibis' expected landfall in
central or eastern Japan later in the evening. - Powerful Typhoon
Hagibis on October 12 claimed its first victim even before making
landfall, as Japanese weather authorities issued a top-level emergency
rain warning and millions were issued non-compulsory evacuation orders.
(Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP) (Photo by ANNE-CHRISTINE
POUJOULAT/AFP via Getty Images)
Typhoon Hagibis approaches Japan © Anne-Christine Poujoulat/AFP via
The ethos and expectations behind emails telling staff to “bring
sleeping bags and extra snacks” in case they were stranded at work by
the typhoon are among a host of problems surrounding overwork, from
companies banning long naps in office restrooms to the fact that 19
workers in their twenties fell victim last year to karoshi, or death by
overwork (that is, stress-related ill health or suicide).
A 2017 health ministry survey found about half of Japanese in their
forties slept for less than six hours a night; a Rand Corporation
analysis a year earlier concluded that Japan’s economy lost $138bn a
year because of lower productivity arising from lack of sleep.
WAB0GC Japan, Honshu, Tokyo, Sleeping Passengers Waiting for Train on
Subway Station, 30076275
Tokyo commuters catch up on their sleep © Alamy
Jun Kohyama, a neurologist at the Japanese Society of Sleep Research
(JSSR), says that despite growing awareness of the dangers of lack of
sleep, the problem is becoming worse. Last year’s OECD survey showed
Japanese had an average of 21 minutes less sleep in 2018 than they did
in 2014, despite what Kohyama calls a higher general level of concern
about the problem. “Japanese people may have more awareness of sleep
than before, but people tend to admire those who are devoted to work and
press on without enough sleep. I am concerned that the situation hasn’t
changed at all,” he says.
His comments come a year after prime minister Shinzo Abe passed his
flagship “workstyle reform” legislation to address persistent overwork
and other problems in Japan’s workplaces.
The legal changes have provided the backdrop for several eye-catching
initiatives by companies, such as Osaka-based technology company YRGLM,
which allows staff to refuse work calls and emails on their days off.
The reforms have also added momentum to the #KuToo campaign of Yumi
Ishikawa against company policies that require female employees to wear
TOKYO, JAPAN - JANUARY 20: Yukimi Takahashi, whose daughter Matsuri
killed herself in 2015 due to overwork, speaks to reporters about the
agreement she reached with Dentsu Inc. on January 20, 2017 in Tokyo,
Japan. Takahashi joined Dentsu in April 2015 after graduating from the
Faculty of Letters of the University of Tokyo. On December 25 that year,
she killed herself in a dormitory for the company's female employees.
She was just 24 years old. (Photo by The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images)
Yukimi Takahashi, whose daughter Matsuri took her own life because of
stress from overwork © The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images
These are exceptions, however, and overwork remains the norm.
Implementation of key aspects of Abe’s law has yet to begin, while
labour groups and employment lawyers have serious doubts that a
fundamental change in Japanese work culture is close at hand.
Those doubts were echoed on October 1 when the government published a
white paper on overwork and karoshi that demanded industries as diverse
as media and construction adopt more effective measures to reduce
deaths. The report found labour offices around Japan recognised 158
deaths in 2018 as being from overwork — the lowest total in a decade but
with the government warning that the level was still unacceptably high.
Many of the deaths arose from long working hours and excessive
workloads. Some 6.9 per cent of the Japanese workforce worked for more
than 60 hours in the final week of each month, traditionally companies’
busiest period, while job-related issues continue to rise as a
proportion of Japan’s overall suicide rate, according to the white paper.
TOKYO, JAPAN - JULY 24: Construction workers walk near the New National
Stadium, the main venue for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games,
under construction on July 24, 2019 in Tokyo, Japan. (Photo by Tomohiro
Construction workers in Tokyo building facilities for the 2020 Olympics
© Tomohiro Ohsumi/Getty Images
So severe is the problem that the health ministry has introduced the
concept of a “karoshi line” — a level of overwork past which a person is
at serious risk of a potentially fatal illness such as a heart attack or
cerebral haemorrhage. The threshold is defined as working overtime of
more than 80 hours a month over a two- to six-month period.
In July last year, when torrential rains hit Hiroshima, Okayama and
Ehime prefectures, some 2,768 local government workers were deemed to
have been at risk of death by overwork because of their post-disaster
efforts. The Building and Wood Workers’ International federation of
trade unions has asked organisers of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics to allow
inspections to ensure construction work in preparation for the games
does not push hundreds over the karoshi line.
One of the main effects of the government’s high-profile focus on
karoshi and workplace reform has been to trigger a national obsession
with sleep deprivation and the conventions, habits and ill-effects that
surround it. Online retailer Amazon.co.jp, for example, lists more than
4,000 Japanese-language publications on the subject of sleep, of which
82 are about sleep deficit and 121 about quality of sleep.
‘Tactical’ napping chairs at IT services company NextBeat
‘Tactical’ napping chairs at IT services company NextBeat
There are thousands of more immediately practical solutions to a
shortage of sleep on sale in Japan, especially ones designed to help the
country’s overworked masses catch a few quality minutes of hirune, or
afternoon nap. Products range from high-tech desk pillows to miniature
blackout tents that can be erected under a desk for those who need to
Seiji Nishino, director of the Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology
Laboratory at Stanford University in the US and author of a bestselling
Japanese book on sleep, suggests quality of sleep is an important area
to focus on. “It is very difficult to have enough sleep, so the option I
am interested in is how to improve the quality of sleep,” he says,
stressing that no amount of quality improvement can completely replace
the need for volume.
“Education is very important. The information out there is very
inaccurate, but people still believe in certain ideas about sleep. One
example is that there is a huge difference between individual sleep
needs, so we need to separate the mass from the individual when we talk
about sleep requirements,” he adds.
It doesn’t make sense if you take a nap in the daytime but then
stay at work until very late at night
The real scientific progress on sleep quality, says Nishino, is only now
arising from a recognition of the importance of data. Big data,
harvested from smartwatches and other devices tracking the way millions
of people sleep, has significantly changed the view that sleep quality
can be ignored. There is no shortage of suggested techniques or
programmes to help people sleep, but these generally have not been
developed by sleep scientists.
Elsewhere across corporate Japan, companies are using their policies on
daytime napping as a proxy for the broader message that they are serious
about improving workplace conditions. Reina Hyakuya, a spokeswoman for
IT services company NextBeat, describes a newly introduced company rule
that entitles every employee to a 30-minute nap at any time during the
working day. The company has introduced two “strategic” sleeping rooms
and five “tactical” napping chairs.
Yumi Ishikawa, leader and founder of the KuToo movement, poses after a
press conference in Tokyo on June 3, 2019. - A group of Japanese women
on June 3 submitted a petition to the government to protest what they
say is a de-facto requirement for female staff to wear high heels at
work. The online campaign #KuToo, using a pun from a Japanese word
"kutsu" -- that can mean either "shoes" or "pain" -- was launched by
actress and freelance writer Yumi Ishikawa and quickly won support from
nearly 19,000 people online. (Photo by Charly TRIBALLEAU / AFP) (Photo
credit should read CHARLY TRIBALLEAU/AFP/Getty Images)
Yumi Ishikawa, founder of the #KuToo campaign © Charly
She explains that the company has installed a device that can block out
external sounds from the rooms, whose facilities include sofas and aroma
fragrances. Employees are forbidden from using computers or smartphones
in the rooms, she adds. “The strategic sleeping rooms are used by the
engineering department most,” says Hyakuya.
Other companies and organisations have started similar schemes. Japanese
media focused on the purportedly improved examination results at Meizen
high school in Fukuoka prefecture where the headteacher, after listening
to lectures by sleep specialists, recommended students take a 15-minute
nap after lunch.
But, says the JSSR’s Kohyama, the provision of napping facilities or the
tolerance of mass siesta-taking may not be addressing the core problem.
“If you crave a daytime nap, it means you don’t get enough sleep at
night. It is not a bad idea for companies to promote daytime napping,
but at the same time [employees] should be allowed to leave work early.
It doesn’t make sense if you take a nap but stay at work until very late
at night,” he says.