Post by Andrew Karts
Prosze masz ponizej chronoligicznie, czlowieku. Jak robak zjadl park, to
i zjadl pierwotny koncept, wiec dostosowali sie do nowej rzeczywistosci
The predominant focus on tourism and regional development resulted in an
initial lack of conservationist purpose in the park. A heavy windstorm
in 1983 was to become the decisive watershed for the evolution of a
consistent management philosophy. The park administration left some 90
hectares of the fallen timber to rot and opted to no longer interfere
with natural processes in the core zone of the park. “Let nature be
nature” became the new guiding principle, an approach that was severely
challenged when the rotting wood became infested by bark beetle (Ips
typographus) in the wake of further windfalls during the 1990s.
The beetle not only threatened cultivated forests outside the park
border but also resulted in vast areas of dead trees with little
aesthetic appeal for tourists and locals alike. In addition to
preventive measures against the insect’s further spread, the Park
Service responded to the outcry by improved public communication,
conveying a different image of the beetle not as a pest but a vital
keystone species for the natural cycles of coniferous forests.
nie bardzo wiem jak ten Twoj nowy watek ma tlumaczyc wczesniejsze
opowiesci, ze las padl ofiara kornika, bo go nikt nie pielegnowal, ale ok
- tu tez moge naprowadzic: Niestety, do tej "nowej rzeczywistosci" w tym
czasie nie tylko Niemcy, ale i caly swiat sie dostosowal ;)
Tradycjonalnie ludzie widzieli w lesie niebezpieczna i grozna dzikosc,
wilki i inne strachy - las nalezalo co najwyzej siekiera poskromic.
Smiszne, kiedy do dzis takie wizje natury ma jakis "minister od
srodowiska i przyrody" i inne patalachy. Dopiero z czasem na swiecie
odkryto, ze dzika i nietykana natura moze byc piekna. Tu masz troche z
historii "niemieckich" konceptow w Twoim USA - porownaj sobie do lat
70-90 w lesie bawarskim ;) Toz to dopiero w tym czasie wogole ekologia
zaczela interesowac na powaznie naukowcow...
"Conservation and preservation in 20th century United States
By the later 19th century it had become clear that in many countries wild
areas had either disappeared or were in danger of disappearing. This
realization gave rise to the conservation movement in the United States,
partly through the efforts of writers and activists such as John
Burroughs, Aldo Leopold, and John Muir, and politicians such as U.S.
President Teddy Roosevelt.
The idea of protecting nature for nature's sake began to gain more
recognition in the 1930s with American writers like Aldo Leopold, calling
for a "land ethic" and urging wilderness protection. It had become
increasingly clear that wild spaces were disappearing rapidly and that
decisive action was needed to save them. Wilderness preservation is
central to deep ecology; a philosophy that believes in an inherent worth
of all living beings, regardless of their instrumental utility to human
Two different groups had emerged within the US environmental movement by
the early 20th century: the conservationists and the preservationists.
The initial consensus among conservationists was split into "utilitarian
conservationists" later to be referred to as conservationists, and
"aesthetic conservationists" or preservationists. The main representative
for the former was Gifford Pinchot, first Chief of the United States
Forest Service, and they focused on the proper use of nature, whereas the
preservationists sought the protection of nature from use. Put another
way, conservation sought to regulate human use while preservation sought
to eliminate human impact altogether. The management of US public lands
during the years 1960s and 70s reflected these dual visions, with
conservationists dominating the Forest Service, and preservationists the